black holes and condensed matter physics
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7MbAbstractIn this thesis we employ holographic techniques to explore strongly coupled quantum field theories at non zero temperature and density. First we consider a state dual to a charged black hole with planar horizon and compute retarded Green’s functions for conserved currents in the shear channel. We demonstrate the intricate motion of their poles and stress the importance of the residues at the poles beyond the hydrodynamic regime. We then explore the collective excitations of holographic quantum liquids arising on D3/D5 and D3/D7 brane intersections as a function of temperature and magnetic field in the probe limit. We observe a crossover from hydrodynamic charge diffusion to a sound mode similar to the zero sound mode in the collisionless regime of a Landau Fermi liquid. The location of this crossover is approximately independent of the magnetic field. The sound mode has a gap proportional to the magnetic field, leading to strong suppression of spectral weight for intermediate frequencies and sufficiently large magnetic fields. In the second part we explore the solution space of AdS gravity in the hope of learning general lessons about such theories. First we study charged scalar solitons in global AdS4. These solutions have a rich phase space and exhibit critical behaviour as a function of the scalar charge and scalar boundary conditions. We demonstrate how the planar limit of global solitons coincides generically with the zero temperature limit of black branes with charged scalar hair. We exhibit these features in both phenomenological models and consistent truncations of eleven dimensional supergravity. We then discover new branches of hairy black brane in SO(6) gauged supergravity. Despite the imbalance provided by three chemical potentials conjugate to the three R charges, there is always at least one branch with charged scalar hair, emerging at a temperature where the normal phase is locally thermodynamically stable.