NA27th 28th editions
The true nature of the constantly changing Vatican supervised Nestle Aland Critical Greek Text.
Wilbur Pickering, ThM. PhD. writes in his book The Identity of the New Testament Text, 2014
“Bruce Metzger said, “It is understandable that in some cases different scholars will come to different evaluations of the significance of the evidence”. A cursory review of the writings of textual scholars suggests that Metzger’s “in some cases” is decidedly an understatement. In fact, even the same scholars will vacillate, as demonstrated by the “MORE THAN FIVE HUNDRED CHANGES” introduced into the third edition of the Greek text produced by the United Bible Societies as compared with the second edition (the same committee of five editors prepared both).
K. Aland, M. Metzger, and A. Wikgren, eds., The Greek New Testament, third edition (New York: United Bible Societies, 1975), p. viii. Although this edition is dated 1975, Metzger’s Commentary upon it appeared in 1971. The second edition is dated 1968. IT THUS APPEARS THAT IN THE SPACE OF THREE YEARS (’68 ’71), WITH NO SIGNIFICANT ACCRETION OF NEW EVIDENCE, THE SAME GROUP OF FIVE SCHOLARS CHANGED THEIR MIND IN OVER 500 PLACES. IT IS HARD TO RESIST THE SUSPICION THAT THEY WERE GUESSING.”Undeniable Proof the ESV, NIV, NASB, Holman Standard, NET, Jehovah Witness NWT etc. are the new “Vatican Versions”2 Peter 3:10 King James Bible But the day of the Lord will come as a thief IN THE NIGHT; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein SHALL BE BURNED UP.
Modern day textual criticism is done by men who do not believe that The Bible IS or ever was the complete, inspired and infallible words of God. They are Bible agnostics who do not know for sure what God has said and not one of them has any complete and infallible Bible in any language they believe in themselves or they can show you. No reading is sure. No text is settled. Everything is open to debate, discussion and doubt.
I would like to examine in more detail a few examples of the latest lunacy that has come out in the more recent Nestle Aland 27th and 28th editions of what the textual critics like to refer to as their “science” of textual criticism.
The first one is found in 2 Peter 3:10
The Traditional Greek Text, which is also the Majority reading and the Byzantine and the text used by the Greek Orthodox churches to this day reads just as it is found in the King James Bible “,,,.”
This last word here is where all the changes are found in a few manuscripts that differ so often even among themselves. The word simply means “shall be burned up”.
On the other hand, the Westcott Hort text, as well as the UBS and the Nestle critical Greek text through 27 different editions read “,,,.
There are two textual problems here. Number one is the omission of the words “in the night” which are found the Majority of all texts as well as C, but are omitted by Sinaiticus and Vaticanus. The second and more important difference is the word instead of.
This completely different Greek word here literally means (as even Dan Wallace notes and the ESV tells us in their footnote) “SHALL BE FOUND”. 2014 has “and the earth and the deeds in it WILL BE FOUND OUT.”
The fickle and ever changing NASBs from 1960 through 1995 (that’s TEN different editions) did not follow the Westcott Hort text but instead went with the reading found in the King James Bible and the Majority of all texts and read “and the earth and its works WILL BE BURNED UP.”
Then they had this false footnote that reads “Some ancient manuscripts read DISCOVERED.” Well, there is NO Greek manuscript that read “discovered”, but rather “shall be found”.
But now in 2020 the brand new NASB has come out and it has changed it’s text to read: “the earth and its works WILL BE DISCOVERED.” They aren’t even following the latest Nestle Aland Critical text reading.
Even Dan “Anything but the King James Bible” Wallace has noted “One of the most difficult textual problems in the NT is found in v. 10. The reading, which enjoys by far the best support ( B K P 0156vid 323 1241 1739txt pc) is nevertheless so difficult a reading that many scholars regard it as nonsensical. NA27 lists five conjectures by scholars, from Hort to Mayor, in this text.”
Of course I totally disagree with Mr. Wallace that this absurd reading has replica hermes rose tyrien shiny porosus crocodile birkin 35cm
“by far the best support” for two reasons. Number one is that his so called oldest and best manuscripts, Sinaiticus and Vaticanus, often differ radically from not only the Majority of all Greek manuscripts but also from each other by literally hundreds of words, phrases and numerous whole verses.
To see what these two “oldest and best manuscripts” are really like, see many examples of their confusion and mutual disagreement here.